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Distal intestinal obstruction syndrome (DIOS) involves blockage of the intestines by thickened stool. DIOS is similar to constipation in that there is a back-up of stool in the digestive tract. However, it differs from constipation in that the back-up of stool is higher up in the intestines.
In individuals with cystic fibrosis, mucus builds up along the intestinal tract, slowing down the emptying of food. This results in the build-up of stool behind the mucus-filled area, causing a blockage.
DIOS may also be triggered by:
DIOS can cause painful abdominal cramping and stomach aches.
Other symptoms include:
DIOS is usually treated by flushing the system with prescribed laxatives or by drinking a special liquid solution over an eight-hour period.
People with cystic fibrosis who experience DIOS may be able to prevent it from recurring by:
Some individuals may benefit from taking prescribed medication to regulate bowel movements.
For more information please refer to the below resources: